Examine the groups of words in italics in the following sentences :
- The sun sets in the west.
- I must start in a short time.
- I shot an arrow into the air.
- It lies beneath my window.
These groups of words make sense, but not complete sense. They have no Subject or Predicate of their own. Such groups of words are called Phrases.
A group of words that makes sense, but not complete sense, is called a Phrase.
Examine the group of words in italics in the following sentences :
- God helps those who help themselves.
- This is the beggar whom we saw yesterday.
- I know what she wants.
Here who help themselves is a sentence, because it has a Subject (who) and a Predicate (help themselves). Similarly, whom we saw yesterday is a sentence, having a Subject (we) and a Predicate (saw yesterday). What she wants is also a sentence, because it has a Subject (she) and a Predicate (wants). Such groups of words are called Clauses.
A group of words which forms part of a larger sentence, and contains a Subject and a Predicate, is called a Clause.
Exercise: Say whether the groups of words in italics in the following sentences are Phrases or Clauses
- This is the house where he lived.
- Make hay while the sun shines.
- Strike the iron while it is hot.
- Show me how to do it.
- It was a scene of great beauty.
- He did it for my sake.
- He worked for three hours.
- The snow has fallen without a sound.
- People who are selfish are disliked by all.
- Her virtue won her respect.