Exercise on Kinds of Adjectives

  • An Adjective is a word that is used to add something to the meaning of a Noun; e.g,

Ashok is an intelligent boy.              She is poor but-happy.


  • Study the Adjectives in the following sentences :
    • Babar was a brave ‘
    • It was a cloudy
    • Joshi is an honest
    • Calcutta is a big
    • The rose is a beautiful

The adjectives brave, cloudy, honest, big, beautiful tell us of what kind a person or a thing is. Such Adjectives are called Adjectives of Quality.

Adjectives of Quality answer the question — ‘Of what kind?’

  • Study the Adjectives in the following sentences :
    • He had much money.
    • He wants some money.
    • He did not eat any bread.
    • He had enough bread.
    • He had sufficient milk.
    • He ate the whole cake.
    • There is a little food in the house.

The Adjectives much, little, some, any, enough, sufficient, whole, tell us how much of a thing is intended. Such Adjectives are called Adjectives of Quantity.

Adjectives of Quantity answer the question — ‘How much ?’

  • Study the Adjectives in the following sentences :
    • All men are mortal.
    • Many women were not there.
    • Several men came to see the lion.
    • He had five rupees in his pocket,
    • Some meh are rich.
    • The first boy won the prize.
    • Most men have to work hard for their living.

The Adjectives all, many, several, five, some, first, most, that show how many persons or things there are, or in what order any of them stands, are called Adjectives of Number.

Adjectives of Number answer the question—‘How many ?’ or ‘In what order ?’      –

  • Read the following sentences :
    • Each woman carried a basket. ’
    • Every word of it is true.
    • Either pen will do.
    • Neither boy is likely to pass.

The Adjectives each, every, either, neither, which show that the persons or things are taken one at a time are called Distributive Adjectives.

  • Study the Adjectives in the following sentences :
    • This horse is mine.
    • That horse is yours.
    • I like these mangoes.
    • I want those apples.
    • I hate such men
    • She lives on yonder hill.

The Adjectives this, these, those, such, yonder, that point out which persons or things are meant, are called Demonstrative Adjectives. Demonstrative means pointing out.

Demonstrative Adjectives answer the question—‘Which V

NOTE: It will be noticed that this and that are used with Singular Nouns; these and those with Plural Nouns.

  • Read the following sentences :
    • What colour is your hair?
    • Which house is yours?
    • Whose book is this?

In the above sentences, what, which and whose are used with Nouns to ask questions. Such Adjectives are called Interrogative Adjectives.

  • Read the following pairs of Adjectives. In each pair the Second Adjective means exactly the opposite of the first one.
good bad broad narrow dear cheap
right wrong heavy light high low
dry wet lucky unlucky coarse •fine
poor rich hard soft beautiful ugly
weak strong rough smooth late early
sweet sour quick slow bright dull
clean dirty deep shallow clever stupid
happy sad wise foolish long short
hot cold cruel kind many few
stale fresh young old wild tame

Exercise 1: Pick out the Adjectives in the following sentences, and say of what kind each is, and what Noun it qualifies:

  1. I know a funny little man.
  2. The way was long, the wind was cold.
  3. He is a man of few words.
  4. I have told you this many times before.
  5. How many marks did you get?
  6. He is ninety years of age.
  7. an empty vessel makes much noise.
  8. There is little hope of her recovery.
  9. Some dreams are like reality.
  10. He lives on yonder mountain.
  11. Such men are dangerous.
  12. I don’t like those friends of yours.
  13. I saw several sheep in yonder valley.
  14. There is little water in the tank.
  15. Rita and Mary are close friends.

Exercise 2: Fill in the blanks with the Adjectives opposite in meaning to those printed in italics. Choose the words from the box given :

  1. A wise enemy is better than a_________
  2. A live ass is better than a_________
  3. A false story does not appeal to us as a_________
  4. An honest man is liked by all; a________ man is not liked by anyone.
  5. A small leak may sink a__________
  6. Sugar is sweet but a lemon is_________ .
  7. A brave man hates a_________
  8. We all praise aninnocent person but hate a_________
  9. A polite boy never gives a________
  10. The knife was not sharp; it was _______.
rude foolish? dead big dishonest
blunt true sour cowardly guilty

Exercise 3: Use each of the following Adjectives in a sentence:

Example: It was a happy day for all of us.

It was indeed a glorious victory. ”

Happy, glorious, victorious, industrious, honest, noble, healthy, lovely, rude, polite, wise, dull, foolish, some, funny, obedient, wealthy, impudent, humorous, handsome.

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