Plant and Flower Names: Names of Plants and Flowers! Do you work in a field that requires you to talk about plants and flowers with English speakers? Perhaps you just have an interest in the topic and want to bring it up in everyday conversation. Whatever the circumstances can be, it is critical that you understand the English names of flowers and plants.
This section will introduce a person to a list of flowers name in English as well as plants names list, so that students or learner may expand your vocabulary by adding them to it. We have made a list of plant and flower names most commonly found throughout the world.
Study the most important English Vocabulary Words identified by our experts and learn the right vocabulary to use in your day to day conversations
List of Plant and Flower Names
Name of Plants and Flowers
- Types of Plants
- Parts of A Plant
- Parts of a Tree
- Names of flowers
Description of Plants and Flowers on the list
Types of Plant
A wildflower (also known as a wildflower) is a flower that develops naturally rather than being seeded or planted. The phrase suggests that the plant is unlikely to be a hybrid or a chosen cultivar that differs in any manner from how it looks in the wild as a native plant, even if it is growing in an unnatural location.
Thistle is the common name for a group of blooming plants in the Asteraceae family that have leaves with sharp prickles on the edges. Prickles can appear anywhere on the plant, including the stem and the flat portions of the leaves. These prickles are a defence mechanism that protects the plant from animals.
A flower is a reproductive structure found in flowering plants that are also known as a bloom or blooming (plants of the division Magnoliophyta, also called angiosperms).
Herbs are a widely dispersed and frequently utilised collection of plants having savoury or aromatic characteristics that are used for garnishing and flavouring food, for medical purposes, or for perfumes, excluding vegetables and other plants used for macronutrients.
A mushroom, sometimes known as a toadstool, is a fungus’ fleshy, spore-bearing fruiting body that grows on soil, above ground, or on its food supply. The word “mushroom” is used to designate the fleshy fruiting bodies of certain Ascomycota, as well as a range of other gilled fungi with or without stems.
A weed is a plant that is deemed undesirable in a specific setting or “a plant that is in the wrong location.” Plants that are undesirable in human-controlled environments, such as agricultural fields, gardens, lawns, and parks, are frequent examples.
A fern is typically a type of vascular plant (one having xylem and phloem) that reproduces through spores rather than seeds or flowers. Megaphylls, the complex leaves of ferns, are more complex than the microphylls of clubmosses. Leptosporangiate ferns make up the majority of ferns. Fiddleheads are produced that uncoil and develop into fronds.
Typha is a genus of monocotyledonous flowering plants in the family Typhaceae with around 30 species. In British English, these plants are known as bulrush or reedmace; in American English, they are known as reed, cattail, punks, or, in the American Midwest, sausage tails; in Australia, they are known as cumbungi or bulrush; in Canada, they are known as bulrush or cattail; and in New Zealand, they are known as raupo.
Reeds are tall plants that grow in huge clusters in shallow water or on moist and soft ground. They have thick, hollow stems that may be used to make mats and baskets.
Bamboos are a complex genus of evergreen perennial flowering plants belonging to the Bambusoideae subfamily of the Poaceae grass family. The term “bamboo” is unknown, although it is thought to have originated in the Dutch or Portuguese languages, which acquired it from Malay or Kannada.
Hedera, sometimes known as ivy (plural ivies), is a genus of 12–15 evergreen climbing or ground-creeping woody plants native to western, central, and southern Europe, Macaronesia, northern Africa, and central-southern Asia east to Japan and Taiwan.
A shrub (sometimes known as a bush) is a perennial woody plant that grows in small to medium sizes. Shrubs, unlike herbaceous plants, have woody stems that remain above the ground. Shrubs can be evergreen or deciduous. Their numerous stems and lower height, fewer than 6–10 m (20–33 ft), differentiate them from trees. Subshrubs are little shrubs that are less than 2 m (6.6 ft) tall.
Mosses are non-vascular flowerless plants that belong to the Bryophyta taxonomic category. The parent group bryophytes, which includes liverworts, mosses, and hornworts, is also known as Bryophyta. Mosses grow in dense green mats or clumps, usually in wet or gloomy areas.
The Gramineae or Poaceae family of monocotyledonous flowering plants commonly referred to as grasses, is a large and nearly ubiquitous monocotyledonous flowering plant family. This category includes cereal grasses, bamboos, natural grassland grasses, and grasses grown in lawns and pastures. All of these plants are together referred to as grass.
The Arecaceae is a monocot order of perennial flowering plants in the Arecaceae family. Palms come in a variety of forms, including climbers, shrubs, tree-like plants, and stemless plants. Palm trees are those that have a tree-like shape.
A bush is a big plant with many branches that is smaller than a tree. The water’s edge was surrounded by trees and shrubs.
Maise has become a staple meal in many regions of the world, with maise output exceeding wheat and rice combined. Maise is used for animal feed, corn ethanol, and other maise products, such as corn starch and corn syrup, in addition to being consumed directly by humans (typically in the form of masa).
According to botany, a tree is a perennial plant having a long stem, or trunk, that supports branches and leaves in the majority of species it belongs to. In other cases, a tree’s definition may be limited, encompassing just wood plants with secondary growth, plants that may be used as lumber, or plants that are taller than a certain height. Taller palms, bananas, tree ferns, and bamboos are all trees in a broader sense.
Parts of A Plant
A seed is an embryonic plant protected by a shell. Seed development occurs in spermatophytes, which include gymnosperms and angiosperms.
A plant’s stem is the slender, upright portion where blooms and leaves grow. It is one of two structural axes in vascular plants together with the root. Water and dissolved chemicals are transported between the roots and the shoots in the xylem and phloem.
A leaf is a lateral appendage of a vascular plant stem that is designed for photosynthesis. The shoot system includes leaves, stem, blossom, and fruit. Autumn foliage is a collective term for leaves.
A berry is a tiny, edible fruit. A stone or pit is not present in a berry. Pips or seeds may be present. Blackcurrants (red), red currants (white), blueberries, and raspberries are examples.
A bud is an immature or embryonic sprout found in the leaf axil or the stem tip. A bud usually may remain dormant for some time or develop a sprout instantly. Buds might be specialised to produce flowers or short branches, or they can produce generic shoots.
A flower is a reproductive structure found in flowering plants (plants of the division Magnoliophyta, also called angiosperms). A flower’s biological role is to aid in reproduction by facilitating sperm-egg fusion.
Pollen grains are male microgametophytes of seed plants that generate male gametes (sperm cells). In flowering plants, sporopollenin protects the gametophytes as they travel from the stamens to the pistil or to the female cone from the male cone in conifers.
The stigma, style, and ovary form the pistil, which is part of the gynoecium or female reproductive organ of a plant. The stigma is made up of stigmatic papillae, which contain pollen-receptive cells.
A sepal is an angiosperm floral component (flowering plants). Usually green, sepals protect the flower in the bud and support the petals in bloom.
Inflorescence or single bloom; infructescence or single fruit; Nodes of the peduncle have bracts (cataphylls). The rachis is the primary axis above the peduncle. The rachis has flowers, but the peduncle lacks them.
Petal is a modified leaf that surrounds a flower’s reproductive Bright colours, and unique shapes attract pollinators. The corolla is the collective name for a flower’s petals.
Parts of a Tree
The trunk (or bole) of a tree is the stem and primary wooden axis of the tree, which is an important characteristic in tree identification and frequently varies significantly from the bottom to the top, depending on the species. The trunk is the tree’s most valuable wood component.
Branches are classified as boughs or twigs, depending on their size. Blossoms and twigs are the terms used to describe large branches and tiny branches, respectively.
Vascular plants have modified organs called roots that serve two functions: they provide an anchor for the plant, and they absorb water and nutrients into the plant body, allowing the plant to grow more quickly and higher in the air.
Thorns, spines, and prickles, as well as other spinose structures (also known as spinose teeth or spinose apical processes) in plant morphology, are hard, rigid extensions or modifications of leaves, roots, stems, or buds with sharp, stiff ends that all serve the same purpose: physically deterring animals from eating the plant material.
The outermost layers of roots and stems of woody plants are known as bark. Trees, woody vines, and shrubs are examples of plants having bark. The bark is a nontechnical word that refers to all tissues outside of the vascular cambium. It is made up of the inner and outer barks that cover the wood.
Logs are logs that have been chopped down during logging, while bolts are logs that have been cut to a specified length. Any fallen trunk that is not planted in the ground is referred to as a “log” in English. After a tree has been fallen, the stump is the portion of the trunk that remains in the ground.
Tulips (Tulipa) are a genus of perennial herbaceous bulbiferous geophytes that bloom in the spring (having bulbs as storage organs). The blooms are usually big, showy, and vividly coloured, with red, pink, yellow, or white being the most common colours (usually in warm colours).
Narcissus is a genus that’s fall mostly under spring-flowering perennial plants in the Amaryllidaceae family, which includes amaryllis. All or some species of the genus are known by many common names such as daffodil, narcissus, and jonquil.
Poppy is basically a flowering plant belonging to the Papaveraceae family and Papaveroideae subfamily. Poppies are herbaceous plants that are commonly grown for their brightly coloured blooms. This has been used as an analgesic and narcotic medical and recreational substance since ancient times. It also produces seeds that are edible.
Sunflowers are native to North America. Domestication began in what is now Mexico and the southern United States. Sunflower plants tilt during the day to face the sun before blooming in order to get more sunlight for photosynthesis. When the plant blooms, the heliotropism continues for a short period, with young sunflower heads tracking the sun.
Hyacinthoides, sometimes known as bluebells, is a genus of flowering plants in the Asparagaceae family. The evidence of two bracts at the base of each bloom distinguishes Hyacinthoides from the other genera, which have either one bract per flower or none at all.
A rose is basically a woody perennial flowering plant of the Rosaceae family and the bloom it bears. There are approximately tens of thousands of cultivars and 300 species to choose from. Their blooms come in a variety of sizes and shapes, but they are often big and spectacular, with colours ranging from white to yellow to red.
Galanthus, or snowdrop, is a tiny genus of bulbous perennial herbaceous plants in the Amaryllidaceae family with around 20 species. Two linear leaves and a single tiny white bell-shaped flower with six petal-like (petaloid) tepals in two rings adorn the plants (whorls). Green patterns may be seen on the tiny inner petals.
Cherry blossoms are the flowers of numerous Prunus or Prunus subg. Cerasus trees. Sakura and Japanese cherry are other names for them. They usually refer to decorative cherry trees, which should not be confused with cherry trees that bear edible fruit. It is considered Japan’s national flower.
Orchids may easily be identified from other plants because they have a number of distinct derived traits, known as synapomorphies. Bilateral floral symmetry (zygomorphism), many resupinate blooms, a virtually invariably significantly modified petal (labellum), fused stamens and carpels, and exceedingly tiny seeds are only a few examples.
Iris is a genus that falls under flowering plants with beautiful blooms that include 260–300 species. The name of the flower is originally derived from the Greek word for rainbow, Iris Greek (goddess of the rainbow). According to some sources, the name relates to the broad range of bloom hues seen among the many species.
In temperate climates, peonies are a popular garden plant. Herbaceous peonies are also known widely available as cut flowers, but they are usually only accessible in late spring and early summer. In late spring and early summer, they feature complex, deeply lobed leaves and enormous, frequently fragrant blooms in a variety of hues ranging from purple and pink to red, white, and yellow.
Herbaceous perennial plants or subshrubs, wild Chrysanthemum taxa are herbaceous perennial plants or subshrubs. They have smooth edges or serrated and alternately arranged leaves split into leaflets. The compound inflorescence is a single flower head or a cluster of flower heads.
Geraniums or cranesbills are a genus of 422 annual, biennial, and perennial plants popularly known as geraniums or cranesbills. They may be found all over the world in temperate areas and tropical mountains, although they are most common in the eastern Mediterranean region.
Lilium (which includes genuine lilies) is a genus of herbaceous flowering plants with big, conspicuous blooms that grow from bulbs. Lilies are a category of blooming plants that are prominent in most of the world’s culture and literature.
Lotus plants have evolved to thrive in slow-moving river flood plains and delta regions. Every year, hundreds of thousands of seeds fall to the pond’s bottom from lotus stands. Sediments harbouring these seeds are torn open during floods, allowing the dormant seeds to rehydrate and start a new lotus colony.
Water lilies belong to the Nymphaeaceae family of flowering plants. They may be found in temperate and tropical areas all over the world as rhizomatous aquatic plants. Water lilies are a well-studied plant group because their enormous blooms with numerous unspecialised components.
Taraxacum is a vast genus of flowering plants in the Asteraceae family that includes species that are generally referred to like dandelions. The flower heads range in colour from yellow to orange and are open during the day but closed at night.
Hyacinth or Hyacinthus is a bulbous plant that produces four to six linear leaves and one to three spikes or racemes of flowers per bulb. Flowers are widely scattered in the natural species, with as few as two per raceme in H. litwinovii and six to eight per raceme in H. Orientalis, which grows to a height of 15–20 cm (6–8 in).
Daisy is a perennial herbaceous plant with short creeping rhizomes and rosettes of tiny rounded or spoon-shaped leaves that usually grow flat to the ground and are 3/4 to 2 inches (about 2–5 cm) long. The flowers most of the time follow the position of the sun in the sky, a phenomenon known as heliotropism.
Crocus (plural: crocuses or croci) is a flowering plant genus in the iris family that includes close to 90 species of perennials that originate from corms. Many are grown for their blooms, which bloom in the fall, winter, or spring.