Parts of the Body | List of Body Parts With Description

Parts of the Body: The human body is constructed of different parts, and all of them have a special function. The parts which are located outside are known as external body parts and on the other hand, parts which are located inside the body are called internal body parts.

The list of body parts will help learners in memorizing these information of human body parts.

We have penned down this article to make this topic easier for the learners and to help them in solving parts of human body workbooks with the help of our parts of human body and their functions, list. So, let’s have a look on the list of body parts located outside and inside the human body.

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List of Body Parts

Name of the body parts

Description of body parts on the list

List of human body parts


Face is a part of the human body located at the front of the head that helps in interacting. It consists of organs of sight, smell, hearing. It includes hair, forehead, eyebrows, eyes, eyelashes, nose, chins, ears, cheeks, lips, teeth, mouth, skin.


Head is one of the most important and the topmost part of the human body. The front part of the head is face which has eyes, forehead, nose, mouth and chin. It consists of all the major sense organs and the most important among these is the brain.


Depending on the parts where the hair is present, it has different purpose like the hair on the head helps to keep the head warm and provides cushioning for the skull. Eyelashes helps in protecting our eyes by decreasing the amount of dust and light that goes into them. Eyebrows keep our eyes clear of rain or any salty liquid around the eyes.


Human have two ears, one on each side of the head, which helps us to hear. With the help of our ears, we can hear and differentiate the different kinds of sounds.


Human beings have two eyes, the left eye and the right eye. It is one of sense organs which helps us to see things around us.


It is that part of the face which is above the eyes and where the hair starts to grow. It helps to form facial expressions. The topside of the forehead is covered by hairs.


The beard is referred to the hair that grows on the lower face of a man’s body.


The neck joins the head to the rest of the body. It helps us in turning our head from one side to the other.


Human beings have one nose. Nose helps us to smell. Smell can be good or bad. It also helps us to breathe.


The chin is the part of the face below the mouth and above the neck.


The shoulder is the part of the body between the neck and the upper arm, that connects the arm with the body.


Elbow joins the forearm and the upper arm. It helps us to fold our hands.


It is the area where the lips, or the space behind the lips, where the tooth and tongue are present. Our mouth and teeth help us to speak, eat, drink, make facial expressions.


Arms gives strength to our hands, which helps us to reach out and grab things.


It is located underneath the shoulder joint.


The area of the body that is located between the neck and the stomach. It provides protection to lungs, liver, heart and also provides strength for the movement of the upper arms


It connects the elbow and the wrist. It helps us grip everything like doorknob to a basket.


Wrist joins the hand with the forearm. It helps us to move our hands.


It plays a great and essential role in the development of the body. It acts as the center of physical gravity while running, sitting or doing any other activity.


Toes supports our body weight, providing posture and balance. Normally, there are five toes on each human foot.


It supports the weight of the body, helping in flexible movements and protecting the vital organs of the human body.


Ankle is located at the joint of the leg and the foot. It helps in the up and down movement of the foot.


Toenail is referred to the nail at the tip of each toe. It is providing protection from injury to the delicate soft tissues.


Abdomen is referred to the body space between the chest and the pelvis. It consists of all the digestive organs like liver, Stomach, gallbladder.


Instep is the bony structure on the top of the foot. It runs from the back of the toes to front of the ankle.


It is the part located at the top of the thigh bone. It enables us to do activities like climbing stairs, squatting etc.


Leg extends from the extreme top of the thigh to the foot. It helps us to walk, climb, run, kick etc.


Waist is a part of the abdomen that is present between the rib cage and hips.


It runs from the hip portion to the knee. It carries much of the load of the body’s weight when a person is sitting or standing with the back straight.


It joins the thigh bone and the shin bone. It allows movement and provide support to body’s full weight while walking and running.


It is a structure of bones, joints and soft tissues which helps us in walking, running etc. They provide support, balance, posture and the entire wellbeing to a human body.


Hands are capable of doing variety of functions like holding, feeling, writing, clapping etc.


Thumb are separated from the fingers, and it helps us in holding things. It helps us in holding objects of different shapes easily.


This part is involved in the activities like jumping, running. The calves muscle helps in moving ankles, lower legs and feet.


Heel is the back of the foot, below the ankle. It supports the longitudinal foot arch.

Parts of the head


It is present on the side of the head behind the eye and between the forehead and the ear.


It protects the eye from dust particles or any other dirt. It forms a barrier against the substance which can cause discomfort to our eye.


Iris is observed to control the amount of light entering the eye by closing or opening the pupil.


It is the region below the eyes and above the jawline. The muscle of the cheek helps in facial expression.


Nose has two holes called nostrils which enables the entry and exit of air and gases through nasal cavity.


Lips are used for eating purposes. They are capable of being moved easily. Lips serve to close the mouth, keeping unwanted substance away from the mouth.


It acts as a shade and keeps any water or salty liquid out of the eyes. Its main purposes are: In keeping moisture away from the eyes and in communication


They are thin flaps of skin and muscle that covers the eye acts as a protector for the cornea. It protects the eye by keeping away foreign elements.


It helps us to smell, as well serves the purpose of respiration. It is that part of the body which helps us to breathe.


Lower jaw holds the bottom part of the teeth, whereas upper jaw holds the upper teeth. It is used in biting, crunching and handling foods.


It is a strip of hair grown above the upper lip, which gives weight to the top lip and make the distance between the nose and top lip same as the distance between the chin and bottom lips

Parts of the Hand


It is the underside of the human hand and is used to touch and feel things around us.

Index finger

It has practical use of both sensory touch and grasp, but it is mostly used for expressive purposes.

Middle finger

It acts as the strength for grabbing and holding on things.

Little finger

It is the smallest finger of the human hand, this finger along with the ring finger provides power.


It is at the tip of the finger. Protects the tips from injury and help us in picking tiny objects.

Parts of the Mouth


It protects us from swallowing object that are large. It keeps food or liquids from ending up behind the nose when we swallow food.

Soft palate

It separates the mouth from the throat and helps in keeping the food out of the respiratory tract.


It helps in chewing and movement of food and also assists in swallowing. It also helps in the speech formation.


It helps in chewing, mixing and grinding the food.


It is the largest bone in the human skull, which forms the lower jawline and also helps in chewing.


It surrounds the teeth and acts as a barrier against infection.


Papillae are the tiny raised projections on the tongue which contain taste buds.

List of internal body organs of the human body


It carries blood away from the heart to all other organs and tissues.


It is a large muscular pump containing two halves, one on the right-hand side which pumps deoxygenated blood to the lungs and other on the left which helps in pumping oxygenated blood around the body


It controls our thought, memory, emotions, touch, and every other process regulating our body.


It is cone shaped with three surface and borders, an apex and a base. It helps the oxygen from the air in entering the red cells, and also helps us to breathe out CO2.


It is roughly triangular consisting of two lobes and helps in producing bile.


It is a hollow organ which stores food temporarily. It also helps in the process of digestion of food.


It removes the extra fluid as well as wastes from our body and maintains the balance of body’s fluid.

List of hairstyles


It is a short to medium level haircut, in which hair is cut straight around the head, with a fringe at the top.

Medium length

It is the hairstyle with length 2 and 4 inches long.


A pattern formed by interweaving few strands of hair.

Man bun

It is a style where all hair is tied together in a single bun at the crown of the head.


In this a part of the hair is tied at sides or back of the head in a way that it gang down or sticks out a little.

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