Words which are used as names of persons, animals, places, or things are called
All naming-words are Nouns, e.g., Tom, girl, army, iron, health, etc.
- A Proper Noun is the special name of a particular person or place. For instance, Smith is a Proper Noun, for it is the name of one particular In the same way Madras is a Proper Noun, because it is the name of a. particular city.
NOTE: A Proper Noun always begins with a Capital Letter.
- The name boy can be given to any and every boy—to Aftab, Harry, Raman, John, etc. It does not point out any particular boy. It is a name common to all boys. It is, therefore, called a Common Noun. In the same way, the name city is called a Common Noun, because it does not point out any particular city, such as Delhi, Madras, Patna, but is used for any and every city in any part of the world.
A Noun which does not point out any particular person, place or thing, but is comnion to all persons, places or things of the same class or kind is called a Common Noun.
- When a Noun stands for a collection of persons or things, considered as one complete whole, it is called a Collective Noun; as, army, flock, crowd, class, team, fierd,fleet, jury, family, nation, committee.
- The Nouns iron, wood, gold and cotton are the names of the material of which things can be made. They are, therefore, called Material Nouns.
A Noun which stands for the matter or substance of which things are made is called a Material Noun.
- Read this sentence :
Ashok always speaks the truth.
We can see the sun; we can touch a slate; but can we see or touch the truth ? No; it denotes a thing which we can neither see nor touch. It is the name of something that we can only think of. Such a name is called an Abstract Noun.
An Abstract Noun is the name of something which we can neither see nor touch, but which we can only think of; as, hope, honesty, health, courage, pity, joy, pain, sleep, death, bravery, sickness.
Exercise 1: Pick out the Nouns in the following sentences and say whether they are Common, Proper, Material, Collective, or Abstract:
- Clothes are made of cotton, wool and silk.
- Without health there is no happiness.
- The people who live in Holland are called Dutch.
- Solomon was famous for his wisdom.
- There was a large crowd in the street.
- The jury found the prisoner guilty.
- Ashoka was a just and wise ruler.
- The police dispersed the mob.
- Our class consists of forty pupils.
- He treats his servants with great kindness.
- Wisdom is better than strength.
- We saw a hefd of cattle grazing in the field,
- People wear woollen clothes in cold weather.
- The Red Sea is to the east of Egypt.
- Ornaments are made of silver and gold.
Exercise 2: Put these Collective Nouns in the blanks below:
- Our___________ won the match by two goals
- We saw a __________ of ships in the harbour.
- The ship has a___________ of a hundred sailors.
- A____________ of bees flew out of the hive.
- The___________ found the prisoner guilty.
- A____________ of five was appointed.
- The police dispersed the___________.
- A___________ of cattle was grazing in the forest.
- A____________ of sheep was seen in the field.
- The___________ of soldiers has marched away.
Exercise 3: Certain Common Nouns go together:
Example: men and women.
Now complete the following pairs by choosing the correct nouns from this box:
- ladies and _____
- history and _____
- hands and _____
- doctors and _____
- fruit and _____
- friends and _____
- cuds and _____
- teachers and _____
- questions and _____
- towns and _____
- husbands and _____
- knives and _____
Exercise 4: Fill In the blanks with the Abstract Nouns formed from the words given in brackets:
- Solomon was famous for his_____ (wise)
- Always speak the________ . (true)
- We all love________ . (honest)
- The elephant has great_________ . (strong)
- Without health there is no_________ . (happy)
- I believe in her_________ . (innocent)
- I often think of the happy days of my________ . (child)
- A slave knows no________ . (free)
- She accepted bur________ . (invite)
- Tie Headmaster gave him_______ for telling a lie. (punish)
Exercise 5: Choose from the box the noun which has the meaning given in List:
- a place where books are kept
- a machine that flies through the air
- a person who loves and is ready to defend his country
- a person who is receiving medical treatment.
- paved way at the side of a street for people on foot,
- a person trained to take ships into or out of a harbour
- a fight between two armies
- cows, oxen, bullocks all together
- a large number of ships
- yearly or season’s produce of grain, grass, fruit, etc.
- all the men working a ship, boat, etc., excepting the officers
- the habit of coming, or doing something, at the time fixed
|punctuality cattle crew library aeroplane battle
patient crop pavement patriot pilot fleet