Mathematics Symbols | List of Mathematical Symbols With Meaning

Mathematics Symbols: In the English Language, several symbols, mathematical in nature, are used to express different things. These symbols are very useful in one’s vocabulary as they ease the day-to-day conversation and communication between peers, mostly in the written format. So, we have designed a list detailing various mathematical symbols to help you out.

Meaning: the list helps new and first-time learners understand the English language’s intricacies and help them develop their English skills. The list of mathematical symbols provides a detailed understanding and examples of the same in English.

List of Mathematical Symbols

Names of Mathematical Symbols

Meaning and Examples of Mathematical Symbols on the list


Meaning: the process by which two mathematical objects are added to one another.

Example: The addition of 3 and 2 equals 5.


Meaning: an arithmetic process where two mathematical objects are present, and the smaller object is subtracted from, the bigger object.

Example: The subtraction of 4 and 3 equals 1.


Meaning: the arithmetic process by which two objects are combined, and a bigger value is obtained.

Example: The multiplication of 3 and 4 equals 12


Meaning: the process by which two mathematical objects are divided.

Example: The division of 12 and 4 equals two 3.


Meaning: constitutes the term by which two figures are determined to be the same.

Example: The two triangles are congruent to each other.


Meaning: constitutes when a mathematical figure is assigned a value that is not finite.

Example: There are an infinite number of stars in the sky

Inequality (read as greater than or equal to)

Meaning: a term used when two mathematical objects are not equal to each other

Example: Y is greater than or equal to z

Material equivalence (read as Is equivalent to)

Meaning: the term used when two objects are considered equal to each other.

Example: Joe is equivalent to Ron in terms of strength.

Material implication (Read as implies)

Meaning: referring to material that is not apparent but implied by a symbol

Example: It was implied by the committee that Joe had won.

Plus-minus (Read as Plus or Minus)

Meaning: symbol used to determine when a mathematical object is not exactly a positive or negative object.

Example: Four plus or minus two equals six or two.

Strict inequality (Read as is greater than)

Meaning: symbol used when one mathematical object is greater than another

Example: Ten is greater than eight.

Equality (Read as is equal to)

Meaning: symbol used when one mathematical object is equal to the other.

Example: Five is equal to three plus two

Inequation (Read as not equal to)

Meaning: symbol used when one mathematical object is not equal to the other mathematical object.

Example: Three is not equal to five.

Tilde (Read as is similar to)

Meaning: symbol used to refer to two similar mathematical figures or objects.

Example: Triangle ABC is similar to Triangle BCD

Theta (Read as Theta)

Meaning: the symbol theta refers to the change in the quantity of a mathematical object.

Example: The theta for this option is twenty-three.

Empty set

Meaning: constitutes a set that has no elements.

Example: Set C is an empty set

Triangle or delta

Meaning: symbol used to determine the variation of a variable or function.

Example: The students were asked to find the delta of temperatures between day and night.

Union (Read as Union of two sets)

Meaning: symbol used to refer to the joining of two sets.

Example: The students were asked to find the union of two sets, set A and set B.


Meaning: refers to the product of an integer and all other integers below it.

Example: 24 is the factorial of 4.


Meaning: symbol to determine an object that is the result reached by logic.


Square root

Meaning: constitutes when a number is produced when multiplied by itself

Example: 64 is the square root of 8


Meaning: constitutes two lines or objects crossing each other at a right angle

Example: These lines are perpendicular to each other.

For all

Meaning: this symbol is used to describe the meaning of more than one word in a statement.

Example: The value of x for all is five.

Pi constant (Read as Pi)

Meaning: it is a mathematical symbol assigned the value of 3.14

Example: The students were asked to state the value of pi to two decimal points.


Meaning: this symbol represents integration in mathematics

Example: The class was taught the binomial theorem for positive integral index.

Intersection (Read as Intersection of two sets)

Meaning: a symbol that represents the conjoining of two sets

Example: The students were asked to find the intersection of Set A and Set B


Meaning: a line constitutes an elongated narrow mark

Example: Line AB has a length of five centimetres.

Line segment

Meaning: line segment constitutes a part of a certain line

Example: Line segment CD has a length of 2 cms.


Meaning: constitutes a line that passes through a solitary point

Example: The ray of light came into the dining room through the windows.

Right angle

Meaning: constitutes an angle that is at ninety degrees

Example: The right angles triangle consists of one right angle


Meaning: it constitutes a figure that is constructed by the common point of two rays

Example: Any angle lower than ninety degrees is an acute angle.

Summation (Read as Summation of/Sigma)

Meaning: Summation is the addition of various numbers that are in a sequence

Example: The students failed to find the summation of the series


Meaning: braces are symbols that are used to specify the elements in a certain set.

Example: Set A : {2,3,4}


Meaning: symbols that are used to keep mathematical objects together. They are used in pairs.

Example: 3 + (2-1)

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