**Mathematics Symbols:** In the English Language, several symbols, mathematical in nature, are used to express different things. These symbols are very useful in one’s vocabulary as they ease the day-to-day conversation and communication between peers, mostly in the written format. So, we have designed a list detailing various mathematical symbols to help you out.

**Meaning:** the list helps new and first-time learners understand the English language’s intricacies and help them develop their English skills. The list of mathematical symbols provides a detailed understanding and examples of the same in English.

## List of Mathematical Symbols

### Names of Mathematical Symbols

- Addition
- Subtraction
- Multiplication
- Division
- Congruence
- Infinity
- Inequality
- Material equivalence
- Material implication
- Plus-minus
- Strict inequality
- Equality
- Inequation
- Tilde
- Theta
- Empty set
- Triangle or delta
- Union
- Factorial
- Therefore
- Square root
- Perpendicular
- Exists
- For all
- Pi constant
- Integral
- Intersection
- Line
- Line segment
- Ray
- Right angle
- Angle
- Summation
- Braces (grouping)
- Brackets
- Parentheses (grouping)

### Meaning and Examples of Mathematical Symbols on the list

#### Addition

**Meaning: **the process by which two mathematical objects are added to one another.

**Example: **The addition of 3 and 2 equals 5.

#### Subtraction

**Meaning: **an arithmetic process where two mathematical objects are present, and the smaller object is subtracted from, the bigger object.

**Example: **The subtraction of 4 and 3 equals 1.

#### Multiplication

**Meaning: **the arithmetic process by which two objects are combined, and a bigger value is obtained.

**Example: **The multiplication of 3 and 4 equals 12

#### Division

**Meaning:** the process by which two mathematical objects are divided.

**Example: **The division of 12 and 4 equals two 3.

#### Congruence

**Meaning: **constitutes the term by which two figures are determined to be the same.

**Example: **The two triangles are congruent to each other.

#### Infinity

**Meaning: **constitutes when a mathematical figure is assigned a value that is not finite.

**Example: **There are an infinite number of stars in the sky

#### Inequality (read as greater than or equal to)

**Meaning: **a term used when two mathematical objects are not equal to each other

**Example: **Y is greater than or equal to z

#### Material equivalence (read as Is equivalent to)

**Meaning: **the term used when two objects are considered equal to each other.

**Example: **Joe is equivalent to Ron in terms of strength.

#### Material implication (Read as implies)

**Meaning: **referring to material that is not apparent but implied by a symbol

**Example: **It was implied by the committee that Joe had won.

#### Plus-minus (Read as Plus or Minus)

**Meaning: **symbol used to determine when a mathematical object is not exactly a positive or negative object.

**Example: **Four plus or minus two equals six or two.

#### Strict inequality (Read as is greater than)

**Meaning: **symbol used when one mathematical object is greater than another

**Example: **Ten is greater than eight.

#### Equality (Read as is equal to)

**Meaning: **symbol used when one mathematical object is equal to the other.

**Example: **Five is equal to three plus two

#### Inequation (Read as not equal to)

**Meaning: **symbol used when one mathematical object is not equal to the other mathematical object.

**Example: **Three is not equal to five.

#### Tilde (Read as is similar to)

**Meaning: **symbol used to refer to two similar mathematical figures or objects.

**Example: **Triangle ABC is similar to Triangle BCD

#### Theta (Read as Theta)

**Meaning: **the symbol theta refers to the change in the quantity of a mathematical object.

**Example: **The theta for this option is twenty-three.

#### Empty set

**Meaning: **constitutes a set that has no elements.

**Example: **Set C is an empty set

#### Triangle or delta

**Meaning: **symbol used to determine the variation of a variable or function.

**Example: **The students were asked to find the delta of temperatures between day and night.

#### Union (Read as Union of two sets)

**Meaning: **symbol used to refer to the joining of two sets.

**Example: **The students were asked to find the union of two sets, set A and set B.

#### Factorial

**Meaning: **refers to the product of an integer and all other integers below it.

**Example: **24 is the factorial of 4.

#### Therefore

**Meaning: **symbol to determine an object that is the result reached by logic.

**Example: **

#### Square root

**Meaning: **constitutes when a number is produced when multiplied by itself

**Example: **64 is the square root of 8

#### Perpendicular

**Meaning: **constitutes two lines or objects crossing each other at a right angle

**Example: **These lines are perpendicular to each other.

#### For all

**Meaning: **this symbol is used to describe the meaning of more than one word in a statement.

**Example: **The value of x for all is five.

#### Pi constant (Read as Pi)

**Meaning: **it is a mathematical symbol assigned the value of 3.14

**Example: **The students were asked to state the value of pi to two decimal points.

#### Integral

**Meaning: **this symbol represents integration in mathematics

**Example: **The class was taught the binomial theorem for positive integral index.

#### Intersection (Read as Intersection of two sets)

**Meaning: **a symbol that represents the conjoining of two sets

**Example: **The students were asked to find the intersection of Set A and Set B

#### Line

**Meaning: **a line constitutes an elongated narrow mark

**Example: **Line AB has a length of five centimetres.

#### Line segment

**Meaning: **line segment constitutes a part of a certain line

**Example: **Line segment CD has a length of 2 cms.

#### Ray

**Meaning: **constitutes a line that passes through a solitary point

**Example: **The ray of light came into the dining room through the windows.

#### Right angle

**Meaning: **constitutes an angle that is at ninety degrees

**Example: **The right angles triangle consists of one right angle

#### Angle

**Meaning: **it constitutes a figure that is constructed by the common point of two rays

**Example: **Any angle lower than ninety degrees is an acute angle.

#### Summation (Read as Summation of/Sigma)

**Meaning: **Summation is the addition of various numbers that are in a sequence

**Example: **The students failed to find the summation of the series

#### Braces

**Meaning: **braces are symbols that are used to specify the elements in a certain set.

**Example: **Set A : {2,3,4}

#### Brackets

**Meaning: **symbols that are used to keep mathematical objects together. They are used in pairs.

**Example: **3 + (2-1)