**Mathematical Terms:** In today’s world, the use of mathematics vocabulary and mathematics terminology in one’s personal and professional life is very common. If one is working with native English speakers it is very important to be able to convey what one means in mathematical terms. We have designed a list of Mathematical Terms to help you understand the meaning behind each and ease communication.

**Meaning: **The article contains an extensive catalog of mathematical terms for the helpful information of learners.

## List of Mathematical Terms

### Names of Mathematical Terms

- Basic Mathematical Terms
- Mathematics Symbols Vocabulary
- Addition
- Subtraction
- Multiplication
- Division
- Plus-minus
- Strict inequality
- Equality
- Inequation
- Tilde
- Congruence
- Infinity
- Inequality
- Material equivalence
- Material implication
- Theta
- Empty set
- Triangle or delta
- For all
- Pi constant
- Integral
- Intersection
- Union
- Factorial
- Therefore
- Square root
- Perpendicular
- Exists
- Line
- Line segment
- Ray
- Right angle
- Angle
- Summation
- Braces (grouping)
- Brackets
- Parentheses (grouping)

- Geometric Lines Names
- Numbers 1-100 counting chart

### Mathematical Terms with Examples and Meaning

**Section**

**Meaning: **constitutes distinct parts into which something can be divided

**Example: **The housing complex is divided into three sections.

**Meaning: **constitutes a line that does not curve.

**Example: **The students were asked to stand in a straight line.

**Perpendicular**

**Meaning: **a line is said to be perpendicular to another line when they meet at a right angle.

**Example: **The bones were laid perpendicular to each other.

**Meaning: **constitutes the point that is equally distant from every point on the circumference of a circle or sphere

**Example: **The friends met at the center of the park.

**Meaning: **constitutes the entirety of something

**Example: **Jane ate a whole cake on her birthday

**Meaning: **constitutes something that is equally divided into two halves

**Example: **A football match is divided into two halves.

**Meaning: **constitutes something that is divided into four parts

**Example: **A basketball game is divided into four quarters.

**Meaning: **it is a shape that constitutes a symmetrical three-dimensional shape, either solid or hollow, contained by six equal squares.

**Example: **The cheese was cut into cubes to be sold.

**Meaning: **constitutes a shape solid geometrical figure with straight parallel sides and a circular or oval cross-section.

**Example**: The engine is misfiring on one cylinder.

**Meaning:** constitutes a shape or arrangement in the form of a pyramid

**Example: **The gymnastics team formed a human pyramid for the function.

**Meaning: **constitutes a shape that tapers from a circular or roughly circular base to a point

**Example: **The little kids loved the chocolate cone ice cream.

**Meaning: **constitutes two lines in the same plane that are at equal distance from each other and never meet.

**Example: **The two lanes ran parallel to each other

**Meaning: **a line that is not straight and deviates gradually

**Example: **The car took a sharp curve and crashed into the curb.

**Meaning: **constitutes a shape that has no edges and the points on its boundary are equidistant from its center.

**Example: **The coach asked the players to circle the ground twice.

**Meaning: **an arc is a part of the circumference of a circle

**Example: **The rainbow made a beautiful arc in the sky.

**Meaning: **constitutes a figure with four equal straight sides

**Example: **She cut out the cloth into a four-inch square.

**Meaning: **constitutes a figure that has four straight sides.

**Example: **The new city was formed in a way it resembled a rectangle.

**Meaning: **constitutes a line that joins two sides of a shape with straight sides

**Example: **The car cut through the field diagonally.

**Meaning: **constitutes a triangle that is at 90 degrees

**Example: **The hypotenuse is the longest side of a right triangle

**Meaning: **constitutes a shape that has rounded and a slightly elongated outline.

**Example: **The leaves are long and slightly oval.

**Meaning: **a straight line from the center to the circumference of a circle or sphere

**Example: **There are plenty of schools in a five-mile radius.

#### Mathematical Symbols Vocabulary

**Meaning: **the process by which two mathematical objects are added to one another.

**Example: **The addition of 3 and 2 equals 5.

**Meaning: **an arithmetic process where two mathematical objects are present, and the smaller object is subtracted from, the bigger object.

**Example: **The subtraction of 4 and 3 equals 1.

**Meaning: **the arithmetic process by which two objects are combined, and a bigger value is obtained.

**Example: **The multiplication of 3 and 4 equals 12

**Meaning:** the process by which two mathematical objects are divided.

**Example: **The division of 12 and 4 equals two 3.

**Meaning: **constitutes the term by which two figures are determined to be the same.

**Example: **The two triangles are congruent to each other.

**Meaning: **constitutes when a mathematical figure is assigned a value that is not finite.

**Example: **There are an infinite number of stars in the sky

**Inequality (read as greater than or equal to)**

**Meaning: **a term used when two mathematical objects are not equal to each other

**Example: **Y is greater than or equal to z

**Material equivalence (read as Is equivalent to)**

**Meaning: **the term used when two objects are considered equal to each other.

**Example: **Joe is equivalent to Ron in terms of strength.

**Material implication (Read as implies)**

**Meaning: **referring to material that is not apparent but implied by a symbol

**Example: **It was implied by the committee that Joe had won.

**Plus-minus (Read as Plus or Minus)**

**Meaning: **symbol used to determine when a mathematical object is not exactly a positive or negative object.

**Example: **Four plus or minus two equals six or two.

**Strict inequality (Read as is greater than)**

**Meaning: **symbol used when one mathematical object is greater than another

**Example: **Ten is greater than eight.

**Equality (Read as is equal to)**

**Meaning: **symbol used when one mathematical object is equal to the other.

**Example: **Five is equal to three plus two

**Inequation (Read as not equal to)**

**Meaning: **symbol used when one mathematical object is not equal to the other mathematical object.

**Example: **Three is not equal to five.

**Meaning: **symbol used to refer to two similar mathematical figures or objects.

**Example: **Triangle ABC is similar to Triangle BC

**Meaning: **the symbol theta refers to the change in the quantity of a mathematical object.

**Example: **The theta for this option is twenty-three.

**Meaning: **constitutes a set that has no elements.

**Example: **Set C is an empty set

**Meaning: **symbol used to determine the variation of a variable or function.

**Example: **The students were asked to find the delta of temperatures between day and night.

**Union (Read as Union of two sets)**

**Meaning: **symbol used to refer to the joining of two sets.

**Example: **The students were asked to find the union of two sets, set A and set B.

**Meaning: **refers to the product of an integer and all other integers below it.

**Example: **24 is the factorial of 4.

**Meaning: **symbol to determine an object that is the result reached by logic.

**Example: **Therefore the result of the sum explained above is eighty-four.

**Meaning: **constitutes when a number is produced when multiplied by itself

**Example: **64 is the square root of 8

**Meaning: **constitutes two lines or objects crossing each other at a right angle

**Example: **These lines are perpendicular to each other.

**Meaning: **this symbol is used to describe the meaning of more than one word in a statement.

**Example: **The value of x for all is five.

**Meaning: **it is a mathematical symbol assigned the value of 3.14

**Example: **The students were asked to state the value of pi to two decimal points.

**Meaning: **this symbol represents integration in mathematics

**Example: **The class was taught the binomial theorem for positive integral index.

**Intersection (Read as Intersection of two sets)**

**Meaning: **a symbol that represents the conjoining of two sets

**Example: **The students were asked to find the intersection of Set A and Set B

**Meaning: **a line constitutes an elongated narrow mark

**Example: **Line AB has a length of five centimetres.

**Meaning: **line segment constitutes a part of a certain line

**Example: **Line segment CD has a length of 2 cms.

**Meaning: **constitutes a line that passes through a solitary point

**Example: **The ray of light came into the dining room through the windows.

**Meaning: **constitutes an angle that is at ninety degrees

**Example: **The right angles triangle consists of one right angle

**Meaning: **it constitutes a figure that is constructed by the common point of two rays

**Example: **Any angle lower than ninety degrees is an acute angle.

**Summation (Read as Summation of/Sigma)**

**Meaning: **Summation is the addition of various numbers that are in a sequence

**Example: **The students failed to find the summation of the series

**Meaning: **braces are symbols that are used to specify the elements in a certain set.

**Example: **Set A : {2,3,4}

**Meaning: **symbols that are used to keep mathematical objects together. They are used in pairs.

**Example: **3 + (2-1)

#### Geometric Lines Meaning

**Straight: **constitutes a geometric line that is absolutely straight from one point to another.

**Diagonal: **constitutes a geometric line that goes diagonally through an object or figure

**Vertical: **It is a straight line that goes from top to bottom and bottom to top.

**Parallel lines: **constitutes two lines in the same plane that are at equal distance from each other and never meet.

**Curved: **constitutes a geometric line that is not straight

**Horizontal: **constitutes a geometric line that is drawn from right to left and left to right.

**Dotted: **constitutes a geometric line that is made up entirely of dots

**Wavy: **constitutes a geometric line that has regular curves along its length.

**Zigzag: **constitutes a geometric line that has a number of sharp turns along both ways of its length.

## Numbers 1-100 counting chart

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one |
2
two |
3
three |
4
four |
5
five |
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six |
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eight |
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nine |
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ten |

11
eleven |
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thirteen |
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sixteen |
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seventeen |
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eighteen |
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nineteen |
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twenty |

21
twenty- one |
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twenty- five |
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twenty- eight |
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twenty- nine |
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thirty |

31
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thirty- four |
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thirty- eight |
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thirty- nine |
40
forty |

41
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forty- four |
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forty- five |
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forty- eight |
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forty- nine |
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fifty |

51
fifty- one |
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fifty- four |
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fifty- five |
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fifty- nine |
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sixty |

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sixty- five |
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sixty- eight |
69
sixty- nine |
70
seventy |

71
seventy- one |
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seventy- nine |
80
eighty |

81
eighty- one |
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eighty- three |
84
eighty- four |
85
eighty- five |
86
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eighty- eight |
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eighty- nine |
90
ninety |

91
ninety- one |
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ninety- four |
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ninety- seven |
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ninety- eight |
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ninety- nine |
100
one hundred |